Profile Applicability: Level 1


Description: 

Real-time monitoring of API calls can be achieved by directing CloudTrail Logs to CloudWatch Logs and establishing corresponding metric filters and alarms. Network gateways are required to send/receive traffic to a destination outside of a VPC. It is recommended that a metric filter and alarm be established for changes to network gateways.


Rationale: 

Monitoring changes to network gateways will help ensure that all ingress/egress traffic traverses the VPC border via a controlled path.


Audit: 

Perform the following to ensure that there is at least one active multi-region CloudTrail with prescribed metric filters and alarms configured: 

1. Identify the log group name configured for use with active multi-region CloudTrail: 

List all CloudTrails: aws cloudtrail describe-trails 

Identify Multi region Cloudtrails: Trails with "IsMultiRegionTrail" set to true 

From value associated with CloudWatchLogsLogGroupArn

2. Get a list of all associated metric filters for this : aws logs describe-metric-filters --log-group-name "" 

3. Ensure the output from the above command contains the following: "filterPattern": "{ ($.eventName = CreateCustomerGateway) || ($.eventName = DeleteCustomerGateway) || ($.eventName = AttachInternetGateway) || ($.eventName = CreateInternetGateway) || ($.eventName = DeleteInternetGateway) || ($.eventName = DetachInternetGateway) }" 

4. Note the  value associated with the filterPattern found in step 3. 

5. Get a list of CloudWatch alarms and filter on the captured in step 4. aws cloudwatch describe-alarms --query 'MetricAlarms[?MetricName== ``]' 

6. Note the AlarmActions value - this will provide the SNS topic ARN value. 

7. Ensure there is at least one active subscriber to the SNS topic aws sns list-subscriptions-by-topic --topic-arn at least one subscription should have "SubscriptionArn" with valid aws ARN. Example of valid "SubscriptionArn": "arn:aws:sns::::"


Remediation:

Perform the following to setup the metric filter, alarm, SNS topic, and subscription: 

1. Create a metric filter based on filter pattern provided which checks for network gateways changes and the  taken from audit step 1. aws logs put-metric-filter --log-group-name  -- filter-name `` --metric-transformations metricName= `` ,metricNamespace='CISBenchmark',metricValue=1 --filter-pattern '{ 133 | P a g e ($.eventName = CreateCustomerGateway) || ($.eventName = DeleteCustomerGateway) || ($.eventName = AttachInternetGateway) || ($.eventName = CreateInternetGateway) || ($.eventName = DeleteInternetGateway) || ($.eventName = DetachInternetGateway) }' Note: You can choose your own metricName and metricNamespace strings. Using the same metricNamespace for all Foundations Benchmark metrics will group them together. 

2. Create an SNS topic that the alarm will notify aws sns create-topic --name Note: you can execute this command once and then re-use the same topic for all monitoring alarms. 

3. Create an SNS subscription to the topic created in step 2 aws sns subscribe --topic-arn  --protocol  - -notification-endpoint Note: you can execute this command once and then re-use the SNS subscription for all monitoring alarms. 

4. Create an alarm that is associated with the CloudWatch Logs Metric Filter created in step 1 and an SNS topic created in step 2 aws cloudwatch put-metric-alarm --alarm-name `` - -metric-name `` --statistic Sum --period 300 -- threshold 1 --comparison-operator GreaterThanOrEqualToThreshold --evaluationperiods 1 --namespace 'CISBenchmark' --alarm-actions


References: 

1. CCE-79197-0 

2. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/awscloudtrail/latest/userguide/receive-cloudtraillog-files-from-multiple-regions.html 

3. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/awscloudtrail/latest/userguide/cloudwatch-alarmsfor-cloudtrail.html 

4. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/sns/latest/dg/SubscribeTopic.html 

Notes: Configuring log metric filter and alarm on Multi-region (global) CloudTrail 

  • Ensures that activities from all regions (used as well as unused) are monitored 
  • Ensures that activities on all supported global services are monitored 
  • Ensures that all management events across all regions are monitored


CIS Controls:

6.2 Activate audit logging 

    Ensure that local logging has been enabled on all systems and networking devices. 

11.3 Use Automated Tools to Verify Standard Device Configurations and Detect Changes 

    Compare all network device configuration against approved security configurations defined for each network device in use and alert when any deviations are discovered.