Profile Applicability: Level 2


Description: 

AWS CloudTrail is a web service that records AWS API calls for an account and makes those logs available to users and resources in accordance with IAM policies. AWS Key Management Service (KMS) is a managed service that helps create and control the encryption keys used to encrypt account data, and uses Hardware Security Modules (HSMs) to protect the security of encryption keys. CloudTrail logs can be configured to leverage server side encryption (SSE) and KMS customer created master keys (CMK) to further protect CloudTrail logs. It is recommended that CloudTrail be configured to use SSE-KMS.


Rationale: 

Configuring CloudTrail to use SSE-KMS provides additional confidentiality controls on log data as a given user must have S3 read permission on the corresponding log bucket and must be granted decrypt permission by the CMK policy.


Audit: 

Perform the following to determine if CloudTrail is configured to use SSE-KMS: Via the Management Console 

1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the CloudTrail console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/cloudtrail 

2. In the left navigation pane, choose Trails . 

3. Select a Trail 

4. Under the S3 section, ensure Encrypt log files is set to Yes and a KMS key ID is specified in the KSM Key Id field.


Remediation:

Perform the following to configure CloudTrail to use SSE-KMS: Via the Management Console 

1. Sign in to the AWS Management Console and open the CloudTrail console at https://console.aws.amazon.com/cloudtrail 

2. In the left navigation pane, choose Trails . 

3. Click on a Trail 

4. Under the S3 section click on the edit button (pencil icon) 

5. Click Advanced 

6. Select an existing CMK from the KMS key Id drop-down menu 

    Note: Ensure the CMK is located in the same region as the S3 bucket 

    Note: You will need to apply a KMS Key policy on the selected CMK in order for CloudTrail as a service to encrypt and decrypt log files using the CMK provided. Steps are provided here for editing the selected CMK Key policy 

7. Click Save 

8. You will see a notification message stating that you need to have decrypt permissions on the specified KMS key to decrypt log files. 

9. Click Yes


Impact: 

Customer created keys incur an additional cost. See https://aws.amazon.com/kms/pricing/ for more information. 


Reference: 

1. CIS CSC v6.0 #13.1: Perform an assessment of data to identify sensitive information. 

2. https://docs.aws.amazon.com/awscloudtrail/latest/userguide/encryptingcloudtrail-log-files-with-aws-kms.html 

3. http://docs.aws.amazon.com/kms/latest/developerguide/create-keys.html 

4. CIS CSC v6.0 #6: Maintenance, Monitoring, and Analysis of Audit Logs 

5. CCE-78919-8 

Notes: 3 statements which need to be added to the CMK policy: 

1. Enable Cloudtrail to describe CMK properties 

2. Granting encrypt permissions 

3. Granting decrypt permissions


CIS Controls:

6 Maintenance, Monitoring and Analysis of Audit Logs 

Maintenance, Monitoring and Analysis of Audit Logs