Artificial intelligence (AI) is the emulation of human intelligence in devices that have been designed to behave and think like humans. The term can also be used to refer to any computer that demonstrates characteristics of the human intellect, like learning and problem-solving.

The ability to think and take actions that have the best likelihood of reaching a certain objective is the ideal quality of artificial intelligence. Machine learning (ML), a subtype of artificial intelligence, is the idea that computer programmes can automatically learn from and adapt to new data without human assistance. Deep learning algorithms allow for this autonomous learning by ingesting vast quantities of unstructured data, including text, photos, and video.

Types of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence can be divided into two different categories: weak and strong


Weak artificial intelligence - Represents a system created to handle a specific task. Games with weak AI include personal assistants like Apple's Siri and Amazon's Alexa as well as video games like the chess example from before. When you ask the assistant a question, it responds with an answer.

Strong artificial intelligence - Systems are machines that perform actions deemed to be human-like. These have a tendency to be more intricate and difficult systems. They are programmed to deal with circumstances when problem-solving may be necessary without human intervention. These kinds of technology are used in applications like self-driving automobiles and operating rooms in medical facilities.

Artificial intelligence applications

There are numerous, real-world applications of AI systems today. Below are some of the most common examples: 

Speech Recognition: It is a capability that employs natural language processing (NLP) to convert spoken words into written ones. It is also known as automatic speech recognition (ASR), computer speech recognition, or speech-to-text. Many mobile devices have speech recognition built into their operating systems to enable voice search (like Siri) and to increase messaging accessibility.

Recommendation Engines: AI algorithms can assist in finding data trends that can be leveraged to create more effective cross-selling strategies by using historical consumption behaviour data. This is employed to provide customers with pertinent add-on recommendations during the online checkout process.

Automated stock trading: AI-driven high-frequency trading platforms are designed to optimize stock portfolios and execute hundreds or even millions of trades daily without needing a human trader.

Customer Service: Along the customer journey, online chatbots are taking the place of human operators. They provide individualized advice, respond to frequently asked questions (FAQs) regarding subjects like shipping, or cross-sell products or make size recommendations to users, altering the way we view user interaction on websites and social media. Examples include virtual agent-equipped messaging bots on e-commerce websites, chat programs like Slack and Facebook Messenger, and jobs often carried out by virtual assistants and voice assistants.

Computer Vision: This artificial intelligence (AI) technology lets computers and systems extract useful information from digital photos, videos, and other visual inputs, and it can take action depending on those inputs. It differs from jobs involving picture recognition in that it can make recommendations. Computer vision, which uses convolutional neural networks, is used in the tagging of photos on social media, radiological imaging in healthcare, and self-driving automobiles in the automotive sector.