To fortify information security, organizations implement robust procedures for guarding against, detecting, and reporting malicious software. These procedures are integral to the organization's defense against cyber threats and ensure a proactive response to potential security incidents. Organizations deploy advanced antivirus and anti-malware solutions across all information systems. Regular updates of virus definitions and security patches are enforced to bolster protection. Automated scans of files, emails, and network traffic are conducted to identify and mitigate potential threats. 

Continuous monitoring of network traffic and endpoint activities is conducted to detect unusual patterns. Intrusion detection and prevention systems are deployed to identify and block malicious activities. Anomaly detection algorithms and behavioral analysis contribute to early identification of potential malware.  Employees are educated on recognizing signs of malicious software and reporting suspicious activities promptly . Incident response plans include specific protocols for reporting and responding to malware incidents. An established reporting mechanism ensures that identified malware incidents are swiftly escalated for investigation and mitigation.

Priority: High

Category: Security and Risk Management

Services Associated with AWS:

- AWS WAF (Web Application Firewall) for protecting web applications

- AWS GuardDuty for threat detection in AWS environments

- AWS Security Hub for centralized security findings

Services Associated with Azure:

- Azure Defender for threat protection across Azure resources

- Azure Security Center for threat detection and response

- Azure Sentinel for security information and event management (SIEM)

Objective Evidence:

- Administrative: Documented procedures for guarding against, detecting, and reporting malicious software.

- Technical: Screenshots or documentation of antivirus and anti-malware configurations.

- Technical: Records of regular automated scans and updates.

- Administrative: Training materials and records of employee education on recognizing and reporting malicious software.

Possible Technology Considerations:

- Advanced Endpoint Protection

- Network-based Threat Detection

- Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) Systems

- User Education and Security Awareness Platforms

What Needs to Be Answered:

- Effectiveness of Antivirus Solutions

- Timeliness of Malware Detection

- Employee Awareness and Reporting

- Integration of Threat Intelligence